Profile Analysis and Percent of Body Fat Diabetition in West Jakarta

Authors

  • Laras Sitoayu Universitas Esa Unggul

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32763/juke.v13i2.207

Keywords:

Percent of body fat with diabetes, diabetes profile, diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that is found in many countries, including Indonesia. One of the causes of the high incidence of diabetes mellitus is due to uncontrolled blood glucose which is caused by a high percentage of body fat as an accumulation of various factors such as duration of suffering, intake of nutrients, Body Mass Index (BMI) and stress factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of profiles of diabetics including characteristics (age, sex, and duration of suffering), intake of macro nutrients, BMI and stress factors with body fat percent in type II diabetes mellitus sufferers in West Jakarta. This research method is quantitative analytical with cross sectional design. The sample in this study were patients in health centers throughout West Jakarta taken by accidental sampling as many as 238 people. The results stated that there was a relationship between sex (p = 0.0001; r = 0.402), duration of suffering (p = 0.047; r = -0.129), protein intake (p = 0.041; r = -0.133), BMI (p = 0.0001; r = 0.515) and stress factors (p = 0.046; r - 0.129). Not only intake is important to be considered by diabetics to control percentage of body fat, but also must be able to control nutritional status and stress in themselves so as not to worsen health conditions.

References

Andi, S. et al. (2008). Faktor Risiko Diabetes Melitus di Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makasar. Jurnal Ilmiah Nasional. http://perpustakaan.litbang.depkes.go.id/otomasi/indekx.php?=show_detail&id=14113

Gannon MC, N. F. (2004). Effect of a highprotein, low-carbohydrate diet on blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, 53, 2375–2382. https://doi.org/10.1542/gr.1-2-12

Kemenkes RI, I. (2019). Hari Diabetes Sedunia Tahun 2018. Pusat Data Dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 1–8.

Lee, K., Lee, S., Kim, S. Y., & Kim, S. J. (2007). Percent body fat cutoff values for classifying overweight and obesity recommended by the International Obesity Task Force ( IOTF ) in Korean children. 16(November 2006), 649–655.

Ministry of Health of RI. (2013). RISET KESEHATAN DASAR 2013.

Pan, W. H., Yeh, W. T., & Weng, L. C. (2008). Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome in Asia. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 17(SUPPL. 1), 37–42. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.2008.17.s1.09

Rumana, N. A., Sitoayu, L., & Sa’pang, M. (2018). Korelasi Kadar Gula Darah Puasa Terhadap Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 di Puskesmas Jakarta Barat Tahun 2018. Indonesian of Health Information Management Journal, 6(2), 41–45.

Sitoayu, L., & Sudiarti, T. (2016). Model Prediksi Terhadap Persen Lemak Tubuh Bia Pada Siswa Mts Dan Ma Multiteknik Yayasan Asih Putera Cimahi Tahun 2012. Forum Ilmiah, 13.

Soegondo, S. (2005). Diagnosis dan Klasifikasi Diabetes Mellitus Terkini. Balai Penerbit FKUI.

Waspadji, S. (2009). Diabetes melitus, penyulit kronik dan pencegahannya. Balai Penerbit FKUI.

WHO. (1999). Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus.

WHO. (2006). Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia : report of a WHO/IDF consultation.

WHO. (2009). Global Health Risks. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdf

WHO Global Report. (2016). Global Report on Diabetes. Isbn, 978, 6–86. http://www.who.int/about/licensing/

Wycherley, T. P., Noakes, M., Clifton, P. M., Cleanthous, X., Keogh, J. B., & Brinkworth, G. D. (2010). A high-protein diet with resistance exercise training improves weight loss and body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 33(5), 969–976. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-1974

Published

2020-11-23