Bougainvillea glabra Flower Extract Gel Formulation and Sunscreen Potential Test Using Spectrophotometry UV Vis Method


  • Nur Aji Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Tasikmalaya



Bougainvillea glabra, UV B, Sunblock, Gel, Spektrofotometri UV-Vis


The research on the potential of bougainvillea extract as a sunblock in gel preparations has been carried out. This study was to examine the chemical content of bougainvillea compounds, test the potential of sunscreen on bougainvillea flower extracts and formulations in gel preparations using the UV-Vis Spectrophotometry method. The results of this study, bougainvillea flower extract has a chemical content which is a class of saponins, steroids, alkaloids, and polyphenols. Bougainvillea flower extract has the highest SPF value at 1.5% concentration that is equal to 16.96 and is categorized as having medium protection. Gel preparations have a pH in the range of 7 to 7.4, which is the pH range for the skin. The gel has a viscosity in the range of 1,011,657 cP to 1,180,781 cP. Gel preparations with 1% extract concentration have the highest viscosity. The preparations have a dispersive power ranging from 17.60 to 29.23 cm2 in that range, the gel is easily applied to the skin. Gel preparations have the highest SPF value in the fourth formula with concentrated extract of 1.5% resulting in an SPF value of 28.77 with a medium protection category.


Ahmad, I., & Agus, A. S. R. (2013). Uji stabilitas formula krim tabir surya ekstrak umbi Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine americana L. Merr.). Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry, 2(3), 159–165.

Almeida, W. A. da S., Antunes, A. dos S., Penido, R. G., Correa, H. S. da G., Nascimento, A. M. do, Andrade, Â. L., … Souza, G. H. B. de. (2019). Photoprotective activity and increase of SPF in sunscreen formulation using lyophilized red propolis extracts from Alagoas. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 29(3), 373–380.

Ambasalu, T. G., Ardana, M., & Masruhim, M. A. (2015). Uji Aktivitas Antiinflamasi Ekstrak Etanol Bunga Bugenvil (Bougainvillea spectabilis) Terhadap Tikus Putih Galur Wistar. In Proceeding of Mulawarman Pharmaceuticals Conferences (Vol. 2, pp. 1–7).

Ayoola, G. A., Coker, H. A., Adesegun, S. A., Adepoju-Bello, A. A., Obaweya, K., Ezennia, E. C., & Atangbayila, T. O. (2008). Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activities of some selected medicinal plants used for malaria therapy in Southwestern Nigeria. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 7(3), 1019–1024.

Azeredo, H. M. C. (2009). Betalains: properties, sources, applications, and stability–a review. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 44(12), 2365–2376.

British Association of Dermatologists. Sunscreen and sun safety factsheet (2013). Retrieved from

da Silva, V. V, Ropke, C. D., de Almeida, R. L., Miranda, D. V, Kera, C. Z., Rivelli, D. P., … Barros, S. B. M. (2005). Chemical stability and SPF determination of Pothomorphe umbellata extract gel and photostability of 4-nerolidylcathecol. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 303(1–2), 125–131.

Dantas, M. G. B., Reis, S. A. G. B., Damasceno, C. M. D., Rolim, L. A., Rolim-Neto, P. J., Carvalho, F. O., … Almeida, J. R. G. da S. (2016). Development and evaluation of stability of a gel formulation containing the monoterpene borneol. The Scientific World Journal, 2016.

De Leon, D. T. C., Aquino, J. D. C., Valentino, M. J. G., & Undan, J. R. (2018). Molecular identification and phytochemical profiling of kamiling (wild toxic plant) using thin layer chromatography. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 5(3), 217–223.

Faridah, A., Holinesti, R., & Syukri, D. (2014). Identifikasi pigmen betasianin dari kulit buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus).

Farnsworth, N. R. (1966). Biological and phytochemical screening of plants. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 55(3), 225–276.

Ghosh, N., Ghosal, S., & Bhattacharyya, D. K. (2019). Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidative Activity Of Oil Extracted from Indian Carp Fish (Labeo rohita) Skin.

Hanani, E. (2015). Analisis fitokimia. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Herbach, K. M., Stintzing, F. C., & Carle, R. (2006). Betalain stability and degradation—structural and chromatic aspects. Journal of Food Science, 71(4), R41–R50.

Jain, G., & Gould, K. S. (2015). Are betalain pigments the functional homologues of anthocyanins in plants? Environmental and Experimental Botany, 119, 48–53.

JdS, M., Breder, M. N. R., MCdA, M., & Azulay, R. D. (1986). Determinaçäo do fator de proteçäo solar por espectrofotometria. An Bras Dermatol, 61(3), 121–124.

Kostyuk, V., Potapovich, A., Albuhaydar, A. R., Mayer, W., De Luca, C., & Korkina, L. (2018). Natural substances for prevention of skin photoaging: screening systems in the development of sunscreen and rejuvenation cosmetics. Rejuvenation Research, 21(2), 91–101.

Maske, P. P., Lokapure, S. G., Nimbalkar, D., Malavi, S., & D’souza, J. I. (2013). In vitro determination of sun protection factor and chemical stability of Rosa kordesii extract gel. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 7(6), 520–524.

Owen, D. H., Peters, J. J., Lavine, M. L., & Katz, D. F. (2003). Effect of temperature and pH on contraceptive gel viscosity. Contraception, 67(1), 57–64.

Rowe, R. C., Sheskey, P., & Quinn, M. (2009). Handbook of pharmaceutical excipients. Libros Digitales-Pharmaceutical Press.

Sudhahar, V., & Balasubramanian, V. (2013). Sun production factor (SPF) determination of marketed sunscreen formulation by In-Vitro method using UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Archives of Applied Science Research, 5(6),119–122.

Sudipta, K. M., Lokesh, P., Rashmi, W., Vijay, R., & Ssn, K. (2012). Phytochemical screening and in vitro antimicrobial activity of Bougainvillea spectabilis flower extracts. International Journal of Phytomedicine, 4(3), 375.

Yolmeh, M., Najafi, M. B. H., & Farhoosh, R. (2014). Optimisation of ultrasound-assisted extraction of natural pigment from annatto seeds by response surface methodology (RSM). Food Chemistry, 155, 319–324